About Canada

FAST FACTS

  • OFFICIAL NAME: Canada

  • FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal parliamentary state

  • CAPITAL: Ottawa

  • POPULATION: 35,881,659

  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, French

  • MONEY: Canadian dollar

  • AREA: 3,849,674 square miles (9,970,610 square kilometers)

  • MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Rockies, Coast, Laurentian

  • MAJOR RIVERS: St. Lawrence, Mackenzie

Canada is the second largest country on earth. Three oceans line Canada’s frontiers: the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Along the southern edge of Canada lies the Canada-United States boundary. 

Canada includes many different geographical areas and five distinct regions.

  • The Atlantic Provinces

  • Central Canada

  • The Prairie Provinces

  • The West Coast

  • The Northern Territories

 

Ottawa, located on the Ottawa River, was chosen as the capital in 1857 by Queen Victoria, the great-great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II. 

 

Canada has ten provinces and three territories. Each province and territory has its own capital city. 

10 Provinces and 3 territories of Canada

British Columbia

British Columbia

Capital: Victoria

Manitoba

Manitoba

Capital: Winnipeg

New Brunswick

New Brunswick

Capital: Fredericton

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador

Capital: St. John’s

Yukon, Canada

Yukon Territory

Capital: Whitehorse

Alberta

Alberta

Capital: Edmonton

Ontario

Ontario

Capital: Toronto

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia

Capital: Halifax

Nunavut

Nunavut

Capital: Iqaluit

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan

Capital: Regina

Quebec

Quebec

Capital: Québec City

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island

Capital: Charlottetown

Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories

Capital: Yellowknife

Canada Map

Canada Map